ASRN has learned of a breakthrough study involving brain function and hunger. Researchers have identified the brain circuits which, as influenced by the hormone leptin, signal sensations of satiety and hunger. In clinical trials, leptin supplementation has produced moderate weight loss in some obese patients by inhibiting hunger and promoting feelings of satiety. The new findings suggest possible new therapeutic targets for obesity, an increasing problem in both adults and children.
The practice of circumcising infant boys, long been thought a matter of cultural, religious or personal preference, is under the spotlight. In response to the urgent need to reduce the number of new HIV infections globally, WHO and the UNAIDS Secretariat convened an international expert consultation, including international nursing representatives, to determine whether male circumcision should be recommended for the prevention of HIV infection.
In a bid to clean up misleading institutional safety comparisons and go further to fix safety problems, Johns Hopkins experts are proposing standard guidelines to be used as hospital safety rating tools.
Nurses in all specialties are familiar with the considerable patient and provider toll exacted by the flu. Questions have remained, however, about the risks versus the benefits of vaccinating children. Ongoing research provides optimistic information about the benefits of flu vaccination. It appears that children under the age of 5 who receive an annual flu shot have greatly reduced numbers of visits to pediatric offices and hospitals because of flu-related illness.
The National Business Coalition on Health has honored Kaiser Permanente?s family violence prevention program as one of the most innovative health care programs of the year.
In This Issue
Liz Di Bernardo