The International Association for the study of pain defines pain as "an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual and potential tissue damage or described in terms of such damage, or both (Cole, 2002). The degree of post operative pain depends on the site of the surgery. Surgery on the thorax and upper abdominal regions are usually more painful and complicated than the lower abdominal regions.
Sickle-cell anemia is a term that denotes a group of genetic disorders caused by sickle shaped hemoglobin. In patients with this disease the human red blood cells take a different shape upon deoxygenation because of polymerization of the abnormal sickle hemoglobin.
Although changes in health care and practice settings have induced new roles for nurses like Advanced Practice Nurse, Clinical Nurse Specialist, Nurse Practioner, Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist and Nursing Administrator, studies show that the nurses are often in role ambiguity, where there is always an uncertainty regarding others' expectations and role conflict arising out of incompatible demands from various role senders or from multiple roles held simultaneously.
Obstetric nursing is the specialty dealing with the care of a woman and her offspring during pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium. This field of nursing is often further specialized into Perinatal Nursing and Labor & Delivery Nursing. Modern day obstetric nurse care begins with the antenatal care which is vital for satisfactory perinatal outcomes. Obstetric nurses also need to identify high risk factors like pre-eclampsia, abnormal placentation or abnormal fetal presentation and give suitable interventions.
Many mentally ill patients suffer only when they do not receive adequate care for the symptoms accompanying their serious illness. Nursing empathy, the ability of the nurse to perceive and reason, as well as the capacity to communicate are seen as core characteristics of psychiatric nurse care.
In This Issue
Liz Di Bernardo