The majority of oncology nurses in the United States are located in university-affiliated hospitals serving cancer patients in the medical oncology setting. Most of them work from protocols and perform procedures traditionally performed by physicians with some having a prescriptive authority (Kinney et.al, 1997). Changing trends in Health Care has thrown many challenges to Oncology Nursing like providing greater number and variety of treatments on an outpatient basis in a situation where there is a shift from indemnity insurance to a managed care environment to help control the costs.
A recent study on the effect of nurse-to-patient ratios on care in California hospitals has concluded that hiring more Registered Nurses has little effect on patient care especially in two areas, namely, patient falls and bed sores (Donaldson, 2005). In this context, California is the first state in the United States to enact a legislation requiring hospitals to meet minimum staffing standards, limiting the numbers of patients that Registered Nurses and Licensed Vocational Nurses may care for at any one time.
Electroencephalography (EEG) is the measurement of electric activity produced by the brain recorded by placing electrodes on the scalp. EEG measurement is useful to investigate various psychiatric disorders like Epilepsy, Schizophrenia, distinguish them from other disorders like Syncope, End-Stage Bipolar Disorder, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Suicidality, Dissociative Identity Disorder and Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, to characterize the disorder patterns for treatment, to monitor the depth of anaesthesia, to detect Cerebral Perfusions and to detect Brain Death.
It is a shocking fact that one in four children in the United States sustain an unintentional injury that requires medical care each year (Danesco et.al, 2000) and death due to injury surpasses all other causes of death in children and adolescents (Arias et.al, 2003). The cost implications of childhood trauma are tremendous with an estimated fourteen billion on lifetime medical spending, one billion on other resource costs and sixty six billion on present and future work losses (Miller et.al, 2000).
Patient safety and satisfaction are the two essential components of nurse care. Edward Wilson filed a lawsuit against the Beverly Health Care center, West Virginia that was responsible for his wife Carol
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Liz Di Bernardo